Ingredient Glossary


Aloe vera (Aloe barbadensis)
Plant extract; rich in vitamins, minerals and amino acids; provides hair with moisture and soothes the scalp

A general term for organic ingredients that contain the OH (hydroxyl) group. Alcohols differ substantially in their properties ranging from water soluble solvents like isopropyl (rubbing) alcohol, ethyl alcohol (used by breweries, the only drinkable alcohol) through moisturizing agents like glycerine or propylene glycol to fatty alcohols like cetyl alcohol and sugars (multi alcohols).

Apricot kernel oil (Prunus armeniacal)
The oil contains many valuable unsaturated fatty acids. It is used for the care of dry and extremely stressed hair. It also improves the structure of curly and unruly hair

Ammonium Lauryl Sulfate
The ammonium salt of lauryl sulfate derived from the natural coconut alcohols, it is a mild anionic surfactant widely used at acidic (mild) pH values.

A naturally occurring vitamin H. Some studies show that it has a positive effect on hair growth when taken internally.

Some of the effects of carnitine resemble those of vitamins; it strengthens thinning hair and protects against hair loss

Ceramide (Ceramide)
Ceramides are lipids; they fill gaps in the outer hair cuticle. When added to shampoo or rinses ceramides can repair hair breakage

Cetyl Alcohol
A natural fatty alcohol derived from coconut oil widely used as an emollient and stabilizing agent in conditioning and moisturizing treatments (emulsions).

Coenzyme Q 10 (Ubiquinone)
Autologous substance (substance originating from one’s own body); one of its effect is to boost the production of keratin, which is one of the building blocks of hair. As an active ingredient in shampoos and rinses coenzyme Q10 keeps the hair cuticles healthy; the hair is then shinier and easier to comb

Ginseng Root Extract (Panax Ginseng)
Ginseng root extract strengthens the hair, thus aiding in the prevention of hair breakage and split ends

Glycerol (also Glycerine)
Glycerol is a very effective moisturising ingredient. It is used to moisturise dry hair and has an anti-static effect

Jojoba Oil (Buxus chinensis / Simondsia chinensis)
Jojoba oil is a plant wax, which is well tolerated by the skin. It makes hair smooth and easier to comb. Using Jojoba oil will not create a heavy oily film on the hair; another of its marvellous effects is re-aligning split ends

Keratin (Hydrolysed Keratin)
Keratin is a protein; it is the main building block of hair. Damage to the hair cuticle can lead to a loss of keratin. This can finally cause hairs to break. Keratin-containing hair care products can fill in gaps in the hair cuticle

See Also  L.O.I.S. Hair Typing System

Caffeine increases the activity of the hair roots and may even promote hair growth. It is mostly used in products, which are meant to prevent hair loss

The protein collagen is found in skin and hair. It is present in many shampoos and hair care products and works by coating hairs with a very fine protective film

A silicone derivative. Adds luster and sheen.

Macadamia Oil (Macadamia ternifolia)
Macadamia oil is very rich and contains many natural lipids. It works well in cures for the repair of brittle and extremely damaged hair

Sweet Almond Oil (Prunus amygdalus dulcis)
This is a relatively light oil for the intensive care of very stressed fine hair; almond oil does not weigh down the hair
Olive Oil (Olea europea)
This is linoleic acid-containing top quality oil; it makes hair smooth and shiny. Linoleic acid is known for its anti-inflammatory effect

Panthenol is a moisture-binding and soothing substance and keeps more moisture in the hair. It also makes hair look healthier

Silk Proteins (Hydrolysed Silk)
Silk proteins make hair look shinier

Sesame Oil (Sesamum indicum)
This oil contains a lot of linoleic acid, which is known for its anti-inflammatory effect. This makes the oil ideal for sensitive thin hair and an irritated scalp

Silicone (e.g. Dimethicone)
Silicones are synthetic substances, which form a protective film around hairs and in this way make the hair cuticle appear smoother, make it easier to comb the hair and provide great lustre. They can also temporarily re-align split ends, thus helping to keep the problem in check

Shea Butter (Butyrospermum parkii)
The high-quality oil is extracted from the nuts of the African Shea tree; the oil has a high vitamin E and carotene content. Shea butter makes even extremely unruly and stressed hair look smooth, silky and shiny

Wheat Protein (Hydrolysed Wheat Protein)
Wheat protein preparations are also rich in unsaturated fatty acids; the preparations make hair shinier and easier to manage; they also strengthen damaged hair

Wild Rose Oil (Rosa canina)
The oil is rich in unsaturated fatty acids and vitamins; it provides shine and conditioning for dry and curly hair

Zinc Pyrithione
In medicine, zinc pyrithione is used as remedy against psoriasis and eczema. It is also used in shampoos to suppress dandruff problems

AOK Whipped Shea Butter

hair 101

About author



Hi, my name is Erickah and I am the founder of Audacity to be You(nique). I have been on my hair journey since 2009, and what a ride it has been. My hair has been through many stages of relaxed, transitioning, to where I am currently - Natural. Being confident in your own skin is the message I like to promote. Ultimately, we should all love being you(nique).

No comments

Leave A Comment